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The AS Level modules cover a range of topics, both physical and human in content. In addition, geographical skills are taught and assessed within the two units.

Unit 1: Physical and Human Geography

Core Section:

  • Rivers, floods and management
  • Population change

Optional Sections:

Physical: choose one from cold environments, coastal environments or hot deserts.

Human: choose one from food supply issues, energy issues or health issues.

Unit 2: Geographical Skills

A geographical skills paper based on the content of Unit 1. Skills include investigative, cartographic, graphical, ICT and statistical.

The A2 Level modules cover a range of topics, both physical and human in content, with a more synoptic approach. In addition, there is a unit on fieldwork.

Unit 3: Contemporary Geographical Issues

An issues based approach to contemporary geographical themes. 

Candidates select three topics, at least one from the physical options and at least one from the human options.

Optional Physical Topics:

  • Plate tectonics and associated hazards
  • Weather and climate and associated hazards
  • Ecosystems: change and challenges

Optional Human Topics:

  • World cities
  • Development and globalisation
  • Contemporary conflicts and challenges

Unit 4A: Geography Fieldwork Investigation or

Unit 4B: Geographical Issue Evaluation


Please see page 26 for general entry requirements.

In addition, to study this subject you will need a grade B or above in either GCSE Mathematics or GCSE English.


The first year programme is highly structured. In class, students usually carry out individual or small group activities within lessons. The skills are taught within the course content at appropriate places. Assessment is through structured questions and extended writing.

In the second year students are expected to write essay answers to examination questions and develop these skills with essay assignments where extended reading is required. Fieldwork is undertaken to underpin course content, with an emphasis on data collection skills. This allows students to develop the geographical skills of statistical analysis and data presentation, which are taught alongside the topics in the course.


Students can progress on to a wide range of higher education options. As well as progressing to directly linked courses such as geography, geology and environmental sciences, students can also use geography as a qualification for entry onto courses in law, management sciences, business, architecture, medicine and veterinary science. Careers include the likes of teaching, exploration, geology, mapping, nuclear industries and environmental and wildlife conservation.